ELSIE JOHNSTON

General

Using positive reinforcements for your child

Time and again parents and teachers are reminded that the right way to modify the behaviour of children is to reward and reinforce them for the right behaviours. Punishing them for mischief can make them rebellious and even increase such behaviours if they start looking at punishments as the attention they want. It is important to reinforce your children the right way and for the right things. Here is a little guide on how to use positive reinforcements for your child.

Many teachers in the preschools and kindergartens have also used a careful reward system to motivate the children to cultivate certain good habits, to see how one preschool does it, you can look at
https://www.cheriehearts.com.sg/curriculum/preschool-curriculum/

•Have a reward system : The purpose of reinforcement is to encourage desired behaviours in our child. Randomly appreciating and rewarding certain behaviour would lead to an imbalance in the child. They sometimes may not even understand what they are being rewarded for. Have a system for presenting rewards to your child, where rewards grow progressively with actions. Preschool Singapore have a similar reward system for classroom behaviours.You can also have a point system (with stars or stickers ) with different number of points allocated to different behaviours , where the child can then get a final reward after earning a certain number of points. A simple chart paper or board on the wall is all you need to get this done. It also gets the child excited; they also learn that they need to ‘earn’ rewards.
•Keep it non-materialistic: Try to keep your rewards as non-materialistic as possible. It is not the reward itself that reinforces the behaviour, but the way ‘anything’ is presented as a reward to a child. Little pats on back , acknowledging and appreciating behaviour, giving them extra playtime , letting them watch their favourite show on TV , a visit to zoo or circus are a few of the many non-materialistic rewards you can give to your child. Reward does not necessarily involve ‘giving’ something they like, instead you can take away something they don’t like, such as early bed time for a day.
•Intrinsic motivation: Keep the intrinsic motivation alive. Do not reward children for actions that should otherwise naturally carry a certain degree of satisfaction. Behaviours like finishing a book, exercising, taking care of pets should not be rewarded. Rewarding them would remove the intrinsic motivation out of it, where eventually the child may refuse to do it without the reward.
•Bring in productive rewards : For the bigger or final rewards, that a child earns after collecting their points, bring in more productive ideas. Reward them with story books, art and craft supplies, workshops or visits to museums.
•Behaviour narration: One of the simplest things that works miracles for children is behaviour narration. Just narrating what the child is doing gets them to reflect on their actions and choose if the behaviour is good or bad. If your child is, say, troubling someone, narrate aloud , ‘ John is being rude to his friend’. On the contrary, if they are being nice, call it out and say, ‘ John is being very kind and polite and it makes mom very happy.’ This is one of the best techniques as children themselves realize why certain behaviour are good or bad
•Be careful of what you reinforce : A lot of times we reinforce unwanted behaviours without even realizing. If you praise a child for eating a vegetable after being extremely fussy , you are actually reinforcing being fussy. Instead just reinforce the steps they take towards the right actions. Praise them for trying to eat the vegetable, or getting up to go to brush instead.

Raising a child is a science and an art. It is important to know what is right and have the ability to know what suits your child. Using reinforcement the right way can work in miraculous ways and help our children to grow into kind and hardworking adults.

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General

Must haves in the child care centre

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Things That Can Help You Boost Your Child’s Self-Esteem

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General

How does child care help your child’s development

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Child care centre Singapore are slowly becoming a necessity for working parents. Instead of leaving your child with an old relative who will not be able to perform the necessary childcare tasks, parents prefer going to the professionally trained and skilled childcare centres, where their child will be kept in a hygienic and safe environment. In the recent years, childcare centres are becoming specialised in developing a child’s development.

https://www. Cheriehearts .com.sg is one such child care centre in singapore that priortizes child development in their curriculum for playgroups, nursery and kindergarten lessons.

Here are the following benefits of keeping your child in a childcare.

Self-confidence

Children are extremely sensitive in their young age. If you do not encourage them and appreciate their efforts, they will soon go into a shell. Childcare centres are similar to classrooms but the environment is more informal and friendly. If you are child expresses himself amongst his friends, he will start building the self-confidence to take it outside too. The staff there will enable your child to express their thoughts and opinions through various forms be it dance music or even drawing. In the end, your child will emerge as a confident person.

Cognitive development

Childcare educators push your child’s imagination and awaken creative ideas in the child’s mind. Your child will be able to learn ideas and understand concepts. It will eventually lead to making decisions based on timing, reality and make-believe. Educators will teach your child how to solve puzzles, make him play games, demonstrate ideas and even read stories. Your child will be able to grasp these lessons and slowly apply it in their daily lives. You will feel proud when your child starts asking questions about a particular subject or a certain invention.

Taking criticism

At childcare centres, if your child makes mistakes while learning a lesson, then the educators will correct them effectively. The approach here is usually constructive criticism rather than negative criticism, as it affects the self-esteem of the child adversely. Educators will correct your child’s mistake in a way that it encourages them to make the wrong right instead of feeling like as if they are being blamed or cornered. Since children in their tender years seek constant approval, it is imperative that they understand that criticism is part of the learning and growing positively.

Physical development

Your child will learn how to walk, run or jump depending on the activities lined up for him at the childcare centre. Your child’s muscle movement will become coordinated and fast as he goes out to play with his friends. In addition, if you child is learning exercises such as yoga or karate, then he is learning how to discipline his mind and body. This will increase your child’s sharpness and improve mental balance.

Independence or self-reliance

Educators will teach your child to inculcate the habit of cleaning their messes, eating in a proper manner, wiping their hands with a towel after washing and other habits that will enable your child become independent. Eventually, you will not have to pick up after your child and notice that he is making his own decisions in terms of deciding what to wear, etc. Your child will own up to his mistakes and take accountability for his actions.

Emotional development

You child meets other children of his age at the childcare centre. As a result, he will slowly learn how to share his things, form bonds, make friends, learn to respect and become responsible. These steps will enable your child to become a strong yet emotional person who is sensitive to others feelings. He will also be able to differentiate between right and wrong that will enable him to take rational and practical decisions in future.

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General

What Is an Abacus and How is it Useful

To know about the benefits of abacus, it is important to know about abacus. Abacus is an ancient technique that was invented much before computers, calculators, or even arithmetic. It was first done by using paper and pencil and was the most advanced device for calculation. Before abacus was invented the only way people could calculate was by using fingers, toes, or stones in the dirt. It was the only way people could crunch numbers and then the abacus was invented. It is interesting to know that even now many people in certain parts of the world use abacus and it is still used as a primary counting device and in some parts, they are a backup to the modern devices. It was invented around 2500 years back in China and later on spread to numerous counties such as Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia etc. It has now become

Why is Learning Abacus Beneficial

Abacus is extremely helpful as it inculcates an interesting way to learn and teaches a fun new way to learn about numbers. It teaches a new way to count, add, subtract using complementary numbers. This also helps to solve problems in a novel way and it is easier, faster, and better for people to solve problems in a systematic manner.

This is How Abacus is Used

Before one learns how to use abacus, it is important to be aware of the fact that there are many types of abacus. For instance, there is the classical abacus or Chinese abacus which has two beads at the top and five beads at the bottom and. The Japanese abacus, called the Soroban, has one bead at the top and four beads at the bottom. This is how the modern abacus is used:

Heavenly Beads

The beads at the top are called the “Heavenly beads” and these are five in number in the first column. The beads at the bottom are called the Earthly Beads and these are placed as one beach each in the first column. When a bead is moved toward the middle bar that is known as the reckoning bar, it can be considered as counted and when no bead touches the reckoning bar that column becomes equal to zero. There is a separation of dots and colored beads are varied depending on the abacus that is being used, however they are always used to distinguish numbers into sets of three.

Advantages of an Abacus

Once you have figured out how the beads function you can successfully start to calculate on the abacus and practice sums like addition, multiplication, subtraction, fractions, and integers.

It is also important to know what are the benefits of the abacus, not only does it help to solve arithmetic problems , it helps a child recollect easily as the child gets in the habit of picturing a problem. Since abacus promotes visualization, it helps a child immensely as the child is able to picture the abacus in the head and solve the problem correctly instead of other children who picture words.

Abacus for beginners helps logical thinking and reasoning and that is great while solving problems like integers and fractions. The childs breakdown of the problem is logical and it helps the child use this motto throughout his or her life. Also, it helps the child recall, abacus helps the child to focus and concentrate and it has been seen that children who use abacus have a great tendency to recall.

So, the next time you think about something that will help your child develop a fondness for mathematics, reach out for an abacus and help the child love numbers and crunch numbers with pace.

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How does Abacus Increase Memory Power?

The word Abacus has originated from a Greek word called Abax which means a calculating board. It is an ancient mathematical tool and was used as a real calculator until a more advanced instrument had been invented. Although it was invented several years ago, people still realize its importance and they train their children for a number of benefits associated with the abacus.

Let us see how Abacus for beginners increases memory power?

Scientific research proves that it enhances the memory of a child to a great extent, as it improves the right side of the brain and aids in brain development and helps in brain development, concentration, confidence, imaginative and creative thinking.

Development of the right brain through the abacus calculation

The brain has two sides, a left and a right side and both these sides have specific and different functions. The left brain controls many functions such as calculation, reading, writing and logical thinking. The right brain, on the other hand controls vastly different functions such as creativity, artistic abilities and three dimensional senses. When a child is introduced to abacus she is capable of developing the right side of the brain and improve on her creative ability to a great extent. Research has also proved that abacus learners have shown neural activity in the right brain when they are listening to music.

Learning Abacus increases memory power

When children learn abacus it increases memory power and strengthens the childs mental framework. It develops better reflexes and improves the attention giving ability of the child to a great extent. Through abacus training the child is able to listen and attend to a task effectively and more efficiently. When a child is constantly trying to master his skills on abacus it improves the intellectual growth of the child and fosters the growth of brain cells which aid in better memory and visualization. According to studies when children are exposed to the right kind of stimulation, it aids in brain growth and longer the better. Hence is very helpful in improving the memory and developing the brain of a child.

How soon can a child be enrolld in Abacus learning programs?

As soon a child learns to count backwards from 1-10, he or she is well equipped to join training programs which help them to learn abacus. The sooner the better because a young brain develops faster and most of the brain grows by the age of 10. There are some parents who enroll their children to training programs when they are 5 years old. If you enroll your child at an older age they can pick up pretty fast and be at par with other kids.

When a child takes up learning abacus there is a dramatic improvement in school work due to the increased brain capacity and good memory.

The child is able to concentrate and learn better

The child is able to calculate much faster than his peers

He has a good memory and even better retention skills

The child can cope better with stress and peer pressure

The child also has good mathematical abilities

The child has enhanced reflexes

It improves the childs ability to focus and improves concentration

The child has a good logical thinking ability

The child is able to express and think creatively

The child is a better problem solver

These are some of the many skills which a child can achieve when he/she is exposed to learning abacus and the child is able to exhibit these skills as a result of good memory and better mental framework.

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General

The Reasons why Mathematics is Beneficial for Children

One cannot dispute the fact that a life without mental math strategies entails that barter is not on the cards. Let us provide some rationale as to why the subject of mathematics is extremely necessary and beneficial for children.

Early Childhood Learning

By making the process of numeracy interesting for children, you can expect them to respond favorably. The vocabulary of mathematics shapes the mind of the child. As he learns the basics of counting while adding and subtracting, he will be ready to multiply through tables and learn to divide and conquer.

Concepts of Spending and Saving

Using pocket money as a paradigm in the learning process encourages kids to learn basic calculations. In fact, it makes their lives better as they learn how to spend, calculate the change they are expected to get back and save in the process. Without knowledge of the basics in adding and subtracting, the child may never be able to decipher the concepts of trade, in the early years.

Borrowing and Lending

A child with a sizeable amount in his piggy bank may be thrifty or confused about how he should spend his money. Simple arithmetic will get him to the stage where he will be able to ascertain how much he can lend to a friend or family and the amounts he can borrow. In doing so, by using the methods that he learned in class, he not be shortchanged in the barter.

Keeping it Simple

In a math classroom, children learn a variety of methods. Many prefer using the old school approach of abaci that inculcates a sense of retentive learning. As the child, in his formative years, learns numeracy, he also gets to understand and finally comprehend the values of adding more while he subtracts from the lowest common denominator. By keeping things simple in the classroom, kids automatically respond in a favorable manner and learn to love the subject.

Being Independent

To get by in life at a later stage, it is imperative to know basic math. In the early years of a child’s education, he learns about managing money. By doing so, he learns the values of percentages and fractions. This is important in any sphere of life, right from baking a mammoth chocolate cake (which children love to bake), or evaluating the importance of investments and the like. In sum, mathematics does impart a fair amount of life skills, which resonates well in the later years.

Visit the website http://www.cma.edu.sg/cma-programme OR Apply now for more detailed information about the necessity of mathematics.

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What are multisensory techniques

Immanuel Kant said, ‘All our knowledge begins with our senses’. How true this statement is.

As toddlers, our parents taught us concepts like colours, numbers and name of things by either seeing, hearing, touching, tasting or smelling tangible objects.

As we get older, concepts get more difficult to understand and comprehend; yet a touch of multisensory techniques can ease the conceptual grasp for a student.

Some multisensory techniques are:-

1) Beads and cereals – this is a great technique for kids as the mathematical operations are represented by beads utilized by abacus math for kindergarten , cereals or even dried beans.

Concepts like addition and subtraction can be easily understood using this multisensory techniques. More challenging concepts like multiplication and division can be done in groups or pairs.

‘Tapping out numbers’ is a higher level teaching technique which helps the student connect the objects to the actual number and ‘feel’ the number or value.

This makes multiplication and division possible on an individual level.

2) Tiles or cubes – concepts like skip counting and identifying the missing numbers can be taught with ease using tiles or cubes. These can also be in different colors to represent different objects.

Then a connection between the objects and the numbers they are to represent are established.

Other multisensory techniques that are used for high level concepts are building with base 10 blocks- where the different sizes of blocks represent different base values.

This helps in identifying place values. Create a hundreds chart- helps in the concepts of number relationships. This is very effective for topics like fractions and percentages.

3) Music – learning maths rules, memorizing formula, dealing with fractions and grouping are easy with music. Dancing to music and snapping fingers help in concepts like grouping and fractions.

4) Drawing problems – the teacher draws on the board to show the children how concepts like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, skip counting, fractions and other such topics are derived.

This is an old and effective inductive method of teaching. No matter how technology and techniques have progressed, certain old fashioned techniques of teaching can never go out of style.

Pictorial representation makes these concepts more concrete than abstract. http://www.cma.edu.sg has a well defined curriculum which caters to the child-s needs as per the child-s abilities.

These techniques are fun and useful for both the students and the teacher as the teacher can easily assess a student’s capabilities and potential. This helps the teacher segregate between effective and non-effective techniques that work for his class in general and also on an individual level.

http://www.cma.edu.sg helps in catering to the needs of each and every student.

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Why is pre-nursery education important

 

When a kid is admitted to a pre-nursery, it is the first occasion when she gets out of the security she has along been experiencing with her parents. Despite the fact that the new environment may throw a few challenges for the child, pre-nursery education is very important. This means the school, you as a parent choose, should provide almost the same level of comfort as your home does to your child. The following reasons are worthy of consideration while you try to know why pre-nursery education is important.

1. Pre-nursery education helps in building the self-esteem of the child. Apart from knowing about the importance of her name, the kid will learn to identify her items and belongings such as her bag, napkin, tiffin, water bottle, etc. The child will learn the art of communicating with others also including fellow students and teachers. What your child learns in the pre-nursery Singapore lays a strong foundation so she can develop a positive attitude as well as aptitude.

2. When children learn to communicate in the right manner with others, their social skills will vastly improve. Apart from learning to speak with others, they will learn to understand what others speak also. Teachers will have a chance to correct the behavioral problems, if any, found in the kids.

3. Almost all the pre-nursery schools teach in a relaxed and tension-free ambiance which means children will have a lot of fun while learning things. This will improve their self-confidence and develop their personality.

4. Children may have to comprehend lots of things when they grow up and a pre-nursery school will alone be able to lay the when they start kindergarten school and in child care singapore . If they are not exposed to such an environment when they are kids, they may struggle when they confront major issues in their later life.

5. Since children will have a chance to interact with other kids of the same age, they will learn more quickly.

6. Almost all the pre-schools lay a lot of stress on cognitive development of the kids. Similarly, teachers of the schools ensure that the motor skills and other skills of the kids develop in the right manner by involving them in various types of activities such as recitation of poems, story telling, singing songs, prayers and hymns and role-playing.

7. Children will learn the importance of time because there will be specific timings for school assembly, for having their snacks and for eating their lunch.

In short, education in a pre-nursery in Singapore plays a vital role in grooming the character of a child.

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