What are multisensory techniques

Immanuel Kant said, ‘All our knowledge begins with our senses’. How true this statement is.

As toddlers, our parents taught us concepts like colours, numbers and name of things by either seeing, hearing, touching, tasting or smelling tangible objects.

As we get older, concepts get more difficult to understand and comprehend; yet a touch of multisensory techniques can ease the conceptual grasp for a student.

Some multisensory techniques are:-

1) Beads and cereals – this is a great technique for kids as the mathematical operations are represented by beads utilized by abacus math for kindergarten , cereals or even dried beans.

Concepts like addition and subtraction can be easily understood using this multisensory techniques. More challenging concepts like multiplication and division can be done in groups or pairs.

‘Tapping out numbers’ is a higher level teaching technique which helps the student connect the objects to the actual number and ‘feel’ the number or value.

This makes multiplication and division possible on an individual level.

2) Tiles or cubes – concepts like skip counting and identifying the missing numbers can be taught with ease using tiles or cubes. These can also be in different colors to represent different objects.

Then a connection between the objects and the numbers they are to represent are established.

Other multisensory techniques that are used for high level concepts are building with base 10 blocks- where the different sizes of blocks represent different base values.

This helps in identifying place values. Create a hundreds chart- helps in the concepts of number relationships. This is very effective for topics like fractions and percentages.

3) Music – learning maths rules, memorizing formula, dealing with fractions and grouping are easy with music. Dancing to music and snapping fingers help in concepts like grouping and fractions.

4) Drawing problems – the teacher draws on the board to show the children how concepts like addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, skip counting, fractions and other such topics are derived.

This is an old and effective inductive method of teaching. No matter how technology and techniques have progressed, certain old fashioned techniques of teaching can never go out of style.

Pictorial representation makes these concepts more concrete than abstract. has a well defined curriculum which caters to the child-s needs as per the child-s abilities.

These techniques are fun and useful for both the students and the teacher as the teacher can easily assess a student’s capabilities and potential. This helps the teacher segregate between effective and non-effective techniques that work for his class in general and also on an individual level. helps in catering to the needs of each and every student.